The Saudi Geological Survey (SGS) was established as an independent entity attached to the Ministry of Petroleum and Mineral Resources following a Council of Ministers’ Decision in 1999.


It was formed by amalgamating the Survey and Exploration Department of the Saudi Arabian Deputy Ministry for Mineral Resources (DMMR), two foreign missions, US Geological Survey Mission and the French BRGM Mission, who had been contracted to DMMR until they ceased operations at the end of 1999. and the Riyadh-based Aero Survey Department of the Ministry of Petroleum and Mineral Resources.